Some specific characteristics: physical - height, weight and body proportions; motor development during 0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6-9 months, 9-12 months and 1-3 years (milestones only); social and Emotional developments; expression of emotions, socialization; cognitive development and language Development.
Protection from preventable diseases: immunization - concept and types (natural and acquired), breast feeding (one of the ways to develop natural immunity); immunization chart; symptoms prevention, after care and incubation period of childhood diseases - tuberculosis, Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, measles, cholera, diarrhea, chicken pox.
Special needs of disadvantaged and disabled children: socially disadvantaged, physically Handicapped (Blind, partially blind & deaf, affected/missing limb): characteristics & needs. Substitute care at home and outside: siblings, grandparents, neighbor/crèche, day care centers etc: Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) - objectives and functions.
Planning meals for the family: meaning and importance of meal planning, principles and factors affecting meal planning, planning meals for the family; keeping in mind the needs of individual members, infants, school going children adolescents, pregnant women, lactating mother.
Ways to ensure good health for the family: using safe drinking water-importance of potable water for good health, qualities of safe drinking water; household methods of making water safe for drinking; boiling, filtering, use of alum chlorine and chlorine tablet, role of hygiene for food handlers. Safety against food adulteration, definition and meaning of food adulteration as given by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India); common adulterants present in cereals, pulses, milk and milk products, fats and oils, sugar, jaggery, honey, spices and condiments. Ill effects of some of the adulterants present in the foods: kesari dal, metanil yellow, argemone seeds.
Nutrition Education of Community: Role and Preparation of ORS, Nutrition Education of members suffering from fever and diarrhea.
Family Income: various sources of family income: (i) money income, (ii) real income, direct and indirect; Supplementing family income-need & ways; need and procedure for keeping household Accounts (daily, weekly and monthly).
Savings and Investment: meaning and importance of savings, ways/methods of investment (Saving, fixed, recurring); P.O. (savings, recurring deposit, monthly income scheme. National saving Certificate, Kissan Vikas Patra, Senior citizen scheme); LIC (whole life, mediclaim, money back); Bonds, units (ULIP), shares and chit funds; (PPF) Public Provident Fund, Provident Fund (PF) basis for Selection of method of investment risk, security, profit, tax saving.
Consumer Protection and Education: meaning, problems faced by consumer, Consumer Protection Amendment Act (2001); Consumer aids: labels, standardization marks ISI, FPO, Agmark, and ECO Mark, advertising, leaflets, and Consumer Redressal forum.
Clothing and its relation to personality: Elements of line, color, and texture: elements of design: balance, rhythm, proportion, harmony, emphasis; factors that influence the selection of clothes: Personality, age, climate, occupation, figure, occasion, fashion; selection and purchase of fabrics. Purpose, quality, cost, season, reliable shop. Checking size and quality in ready-made garments, need and criteria: seams, hem, plackets, fasteners, workmanship, design, drape. Care of clothes: General principles and precautions, stains removal (Tea, Coffee, Lipstick, Ball pen, Ink, Grease, Curry, Blood) and washing of Cotton, Wool, Silk and Acrylic. Cleansing agents: soaps and detergents (basic differences); Storage of clothes.
Make an interview schedule for working mother.
Plan meals for the family and carry out modifications for pregnant and lactating mother. Prepare and serve one dish.
Preparation of oral rehydration solution.
Simple tests for checking adulteration in-
Activity: Open an account. Find out and report how an account is opened in a bank and post office Collect and fill forms.
Activity: Read and evaluate labels of any four household items bearing different standardization marks.
Practical: Fill bank/post office forms (withdrawal/pay in slip for cheque and cash)
Practical: Prepare one label each for four household items/products bearing different standardization marks.
Practical: Make sample of Basic stitches:
Practical: Examine quality in ready-made garments - workmanship and labels.
Practical: • Removal of stains of -