Syllabus Of Grade XII - POLITICAL SCIENCE (PS1216)


  • This syllabus is divided into two Parts: A and B.
  • Separate marks are given with each unit.
Unit Area Covered Marks
Part A Contemporary World-Politics
unit 1 Cold War Era 7 read more
unit 2 The End of bipolarity 4 read more
unit 3 US Hegemony in world Politics 3 read more
unit 4 Alternative centers of Power 8 read more
unit 5 Contemporary South Asia 8 read more
unit 6 International Organizations 5 read more
unit 7 Security in Contemporary World 5 read more
unit 8 Globalization 5 read more
unit 9 Environment and Natural Resources 5 read more
Part B Contemporary World-Politics
unit 1 Challenges of Nation-Building 8 read more
unit 2 Era of One-Party Dominance 4 read more
unit 3 Politics of Planned Development 4 read more
unit 4 India's External relations 6 read more
unit 5 Challenges to the Congress System 6 read more
unit 6 Crisis of the Democratic order 6 read more
unit 7 Rise of Popular Movements 5 read more
unit 8 Regional aspirations 5 read more
unit 9 Recent Developments in Indian Politics 6 read more
Total Marks 100 Time: 3 Hours

Part A : Contemporary World Politics

unit 1. Cold War Era (07 Marks)

Emergence of two power blocs after the Second World War. Arenas of the cold war. Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic Order. India and the cold war.

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unit 2. The End of Bipolarity (04 Marks)

New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states, Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India's relations with Russia and other post-communist countries.

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unit 3. US Hegemony in World Politics (03 Marks)

Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq. Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India's renegotiation of its Relationship with the USA.

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unit 4. Alternative Centre of Power (08 Marks)

Rise of China as an economic power in post-Mao era, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN. India's changing relations with China.

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unit 5. Contemporary South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era (08 Marks)

Democratizations and its reversals in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic globalization on the region. Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia. India's relations with its neighbours.

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unit 6. International Organizations (05 Marks)

Restructuring and the future of the UN. India's position in the restructured UN. Rise of New international actors: new international economic organizations, NGOs. How Democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?

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unit 7. Security in Contemporary World (05 Marks)

Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Non-traditional or human Security: global poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration.

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unit 8. Globalization (05 Marks)

Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences of Globalization. Anti-globalization movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle Against it.

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unit 9. Environment and Natural Resources (05 Marks)

Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over Traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India's stand in Global environmental debates.

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Part B : Politics in India since Independence

unit 1. Challenges of Nation-Building Globalization (08 Marks)

Nehru's approach to nation-building: Legacy of partition: challenge of 'refugee' resettlement, The Kashmir problem. Organization and reorganization of states; Political conflicts over language.

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unit 2. Era of One-Party Dominance Globalization (04 Marks)

First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven Dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.

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unit 3. Politics of Planned Development (04 Marks)

Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests. Famine and suspension of five year plans. Green revolution and its political fallouts.

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unit 4. India's External Relations (06 Marks)

Nehru's foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. India's Nuclear programme and shifting alliances in world politics.

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unit 5. Challenges to the Congress System (06 Marks)

Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congresses' and electoral upset of 1967, Congress Split and reconstitution, Congress' victory in 1971 elections, politics of 'garibi hatao'.

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unit 6. Crisis of the Democratic Order (06 Marks)

Search for 'committed' bureaucracy and judiciary. Nav Nirman movement in Gujarat and The Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, Resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil Liberties organizations.

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unit 7. Rise of Popular Movements (05 Marks)

Farmers' movements, Women's movement, Environment and Development-affected people's Movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath.

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unit 8. Regional Aspirations (05 Marks)

Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation. Challenges and responses in the North East.

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unit 9. Recent Developments in Indian politics (06 Marks)

Participatory upsurge in 1990s. Rise of the JD and the BJP. Increasing role of regional Parties and coalition politics. UF and NDA governments. Elections 2004 and UPA Government.

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Referred Book:

  1. Contemporary World Politics, Class XII, Published by NCERT
  2. Political Science -2, Class XIIth NCERTXII, Published by NCERT